It is difficult to dispute the fact that vision plays an essential role in the life of every person. We receive a huge amount of information from the world around us thanks to vision. According to some reports, the amount of visual information reaches 90%. That is why even small deviations from the norm in vision become a problem for many, because a clear perception of the surrounding reality is a component of the comfort of life.
Being one of the most complex human organs, the visual system begins to form even during intrauterine development, continues to actively “mature” during the infancy, and completes its formation around the end of puberty. And, unfortunately, at any stage, this complex system can be damaged.
Such fragile eyesight
Being so important to humans, the visual apparatus carries a tremendous burden throughout life and often suffers significantly. The most common problems are the development of myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism.
With myopia, the sharpness of objects that are in the distance is lost, while close objects are seen very clearly. Often it can be false, caused by a spasm of the eye muscles: this is often the case for junior schoolchildren, because their vision begins to bear an unfamiliar load. Myopia can progress rapidly in adolescence and stop only at the moment when the body stops active growth, that is, by about 20-25 years.
Farsightedness , in which a person sees well into the distance, but is defocused near, on the contrary, is more often a congenital anomaly of vision and requires constant wearing of glasses. The so-called “age-related farsightedness” is slightly different. It occurs due to the weakening of the muscles of the eye. Age-related hyperopia develops gradually, as the problem becomes noticeable by about 40–45 years.
Astigmatism is also a common visual defect. It is caused by an irregular lens or cornea. It is possible to correct such a defect only with the help of glasses with special lenses.
Visual impairment – regularity or inevitability?
It is believed that vision problems are inherent in us at the genetic level. If your parents and grandparents wore glasses for one reason or another, then difficulties with vision, most likely, will not bypass you.
There is a certain amount of truth in this, but do not forget how much the living conditions around us have changed over the past 50 years. The sharp increase in the number of gadgets in our life over the past decades brings not only an improvement in the quality and comfort of life, but also a huge burden for the human body. First of all, we are talking about vision.
The negative impact on vision begins at the most tender age – at the moment when it is not yet fully formed. Children’s habit of watching TV, as well as constant interaction with tablets and phones, leads to bad consequences. The situation is aggravated at school: due to the increasing new loads on the visual apparatus and the need for constant eye strain when reading and writing. In adulthood, daily work at the computer, a sedentary lifestyle and age characteristics are added here.
All this gradually leads to the fact that even with good vision from birth, its quality steadily deteriorates with age, which creates problems in everyday life. Naturally, a person who has noticed this unpleasant tendency begins to wonder how vision can be improved, what methods of prevention can help.
How to restore visual acuity at home
Not all vision problems are treatable at home. With serious difficulties – a big minus or plus in diopters, astigmatism, cataracts – it will not be possible to do without medical intervention.
If you notice that your vision has begun to fall, you should not give up: there are many ways to stop the deterioration and restore sharpness, which means, improve your vision at home. One of the most effective options is eye gymnastics. The technique, proven by many generations of people, helps to relax the muscles of the eye, remove spasms and restore clarity of perception. The monotonous work of the eye, for example, when working with a computer, leads to the fact that the mucous membrane of the eye dries up, and the muscles are in constant tension. In such a situation, eye assistance should be provided as often as possible: it is recommended to do special exercises several times during the day , such as:
- frequent blinking;
- rotation of the eyeballs up and down, right and left, eights, etc.;
- circular eye massage through closed eyelids (with light pressure);
- shift of visual focus from a close distance to a distant one.
It is especially important to do regular eye exercises for those who already wear glasses on a regular basis. Over time, the lateral eye muscles atrophy, as they almost cease to be used: it is easier for a person to turn his head than to squint his eyes. A specially designed set of exercises will help to keep the eye muscles in good shape and prevent visual impairment. Of course, the result will be noticeable only with regular exercise of this type, but the best option would be to choose an integrated approach that combines exercise and alternative methods of maintaining vision.
What foods will help improve your eyesight
Nature has made sure that a person has the opportunity to receive vitamins and minerals necessary for vision with food that can regularly be in the diet. The most useful for the organs of vision – below.
The leader of this list is the beloved carrot . This root vegetable contains a colossal amount of carotene – provitamin A, which improves twilight vision. Also, along with carrots, you will receive vitamins of group B, E, K, C and valuable minerals – potassium, copper, iron and iodine.
Spinach and broccoli
Visual acuity depends on the content of the antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin, which are found in large quantities in greens . The highest concentration of antioxidants is found in green Romano salad, green peas, sorrel, broccoli, spinach and kale.
The berry is rich in a whole complex of biologically active substances: it contains vitamins C, A, B1 and B2, pectins and manganese. Regular consumption of blueberries improves blood circulation in the retina, relieves fatigue.
Orange and other citrus fruits contain vitamin C, an antioxidant that can help prevent vascular breakage. The effect of the substance on the vascular wall prevents retinal hemorrhages, age-related changes.
The nuts contained vitamin E. A sufficient amount of the substance in the diet is necessary for the prevention of age-related retinal diseases. Most of all vitamin E in almonds , sunflower seeds , hazelnuts , peanuts.
Onion and garlic
Plants contain a large amount of phytoncides – natural antibacterial substances that prevent inflammation. Also, onions and garlic are able to restore clarity of vision due to the large amount of sulfur in their composition.
Another food that is rich in lutein and zeaxanthin. Regular consumption of corn can help prevent the development of retinal problems.
The yolk is especially important for vision : it contains vitamin A, lutein, zinc. These substances protect the cornea from damage and prevent the development of age-related problems.
Salmon and other oily fish are high in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. These healthy fats support vision, prevent retinal diseases, and prevent dry eyes.
Cottage cheese and other dairy products are natural sources of calcium, vitamin A and zinc. Together, these substances protect the cornea of the eye, improve twilight vision and prevent age-related changes.
Drugs that improve vision
It can take a long time to list foods that are good for eyesight: these are berries (raspberries, strawberries), beets, avocados, eggs, pumpkin, tomatoes, exotic mangoes, passionfruit and papaya, and others. Many of them are only available in season, and some are expensive all year round. But even money is not the main problem: the amount of nutrients needed for health is almost impossible to get with food. Therefore, it is best to consult with a specialist, enlist the support of vitamin complexes and be sure that you are getting the necessary substances in the right amount every day, regardless of the season.
The daily intake of beta-carotene and lutein for an adult is approximately 5 mg. One cannot be sure that his body is getting enough from food.
In this case, specially designed vitamin supplements will come to the rescue.This complex almost completely covers the daily requirement of lutein, vitamin E and omega-3, which are needed for vision. Natural Multi-Carotene contains 85% of the daily value of this vitamin and will be an excellent support for your body.
A specialist can advise not only dietary supplements for maintaining vision, but others as well.
Your clear view is in your hands
Whatever methods you choose to improve your eyesight, remember that preventing a problem is easier than solving it. But in order to recover, you have to work hard: start following the recommendations of specialists and make every effort to lead a healthy and active lifestyle.